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CMA PolicyBase

Policies that advocate for the medical profession and Canadians


7 records – page 1 of 1.

Obesity and cardiovascular disease (Update 2004): (Applicable to Canadians aged 20-60 years)

https://policybase.cma.ca/en/permalink/policy1246
Last Reviewed
2018-03-03
Date
2004-05-31
Topics
Health care and patient safety
  1 document  
Policy Type
Policy document
Last Reviewed
2018-03-03
Date
2004-05-31
Replaces
Obesity and cardiovascular disease (2003): (Applicable to Canadians aged 20-60 years)
Topics
Health care and patient safety
Text
Obesity and Cardiovascular Disease (Update 2004) (Applicable to Canadians aged 20-60 years) Official Position: Obesity is a chronic condition that is multi-factorial in origin, complex to treat, and is a major contributor to heart disease, type II diabetes, hypertension, stroke and some cancers. Due to the magnitude of the impact that obesity has on heart disease and stroke, and to the clustering of risk factors for cardiovascular disease that are often found in the obese patient, obesity is recognized as a major risk factor for cardiovascular disease. The impact of obesity points to the importance of prevention through healthy behaviours including increased physical activity and a healthy nutritional diet beginning early in life, and continuing through all stages of life. Solutions require comprehensive approaches that are both education and environment based, and that target and assist individuals, the family, and communities to engage in healthy lifestyle patterns and behaviours. Solutions also require ongoing research to develop and evaluate comprehensive approaches to obesity prevention, management and treatment, and surveillance data that measures and tracks obesity and its impact in Canada. Obesity Defined The World Health Organization defines obesity as a condition of excessive body fat accumulation to an extent that health may be compromised. Measuring Obesity Body Mass Index (BMI) is a widely accepted parameter used to distinguish between obese and non-obese adults aged 20 to 60 years and thus provides information about the subsequent risk of cardiovascular disease. BMI is calculated by dividing the weight (in kilograms) by the square of the height (in metres). BMI = weight (in kilograms) height (in metres) * height (in metres) A BMI equal to or greater than 30 kg/m2 is classified as obese, while a BMI in the range of 25 to 29.9 kg/m2 is classified as overweight. Waist circumference (WC) provides an independent prediction of health risks over and above BMI. Increased waist (abdominal) circumference is associated with increased risk of cardiovascular disease, dyslipidemia, type II diabetes and hypertension. As waist circumference increases above 102 cm for men and 88 cm for women, the risks of health-related illnesses increase. Populations at Increased Risk Obese individuals with diabetes, hypertension, or dyslipidemias or who are physically inactive are at increased risk of cardiovascular disease, compared to individuals without these conditions. A BMI between 25 and 29.9 kg/m2 (overweight) is associated with elevated risk of cardiovascular disease, type 2 diabetes, hypertension and dyslipidemia. Weight gain during young adult life may be one of the most important determinants of future development of cardiovascular risk factors and cardiovascular disease. Adults who gain weight have increased risk of coronary heart disease compared to those with stable weight. Weight gain during adult life may contribute to future development of ischemic heart disease regardless of initial body weight (obese or non-obese). Canadians of Aboriginal, Chinese, and South Asian (from India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, and Sri Lanka) descent have higher rates of obesity-related chronic diseases (for example diabetes, hypertension and cardiovascular disease). Individuals with lower socio-economic status have higher rates of obesity than those with higher socio-economic status. Promotion of Healthy Weights In April 2002, the Public Health Approaches to the Prevention of Obesity (PHAPO) Working Group of the International Obesity Task Force (IOTF) identified that a comprehensive approach to obesity prevention should: Address both dietary habits and physical activity patterns of the population Address both societal and individual level factors Address both immediate and distant causes Have multiple focal points and levels of intervention (i.e. at national, regional, community and individual levels); Include both policies and programs; and Build links between sectors that may otherwise be viewed as independent. Required Research Research is needed to: Develop a standard definition and a standard measurement technique for determining obesity in children. Develop obesity measures for older, ethnic and gender specific populations. Identify and develop effective primary prevention methods for individuals, families and communities to reduce the prevalence of obesity in all stages of life. Improve awareness and knowledge about the health effects of obesity and healthy living. Develop effective primary prevention measures and strategies that are therapeutic, secondary and tertiary in nature. Identify and track rates of obesity and overweight in Canada. Assess the effectiveness of obesity prevention and treatment initiatives. Identify and implement the most effective primary prevention strategies for ethnic populations. Develop and implement effective healthy public policy for the prevention, treatment, and management of obesity. Further, the surveillance of obese and overweight Canadians is necessary in order to assess the effectiveness of prevention and treatment initiatives. It is only through the combined action and resources of governments, non-governmental organizations, non-profit and private sectors to develop and implement a comprehensive approach to curb the growing trend of obesity in Canada.
Documents
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Principles for the development, use and evaluation of health care databases

https://policybase.cma.ca/en/permalink/policy579
Last Reviewed
2017-03-04
Date
1997-08-20
Topics
Health information and e-health
Ethics and medical professionalism
Resolution
GC97-26
That physicians, through the Canadian Medical Association, its Divisions and affiliates, should be involved in delineating principles to guide the development, use and evaluation of databases that provide linkages between health care utilization, socioeconomic status and other determinants of health and health status.
Policy Type
Policy resolution
Last Reviewed
2017-03-04
Date
1997-08-20
Topics
Health information and e-health
Ethics and medical professionalism
Resolution
GC97-26
That physicians, through the Canadian Medical Association, its Divisions and affiliates, should be involved in delineating principles to guide the development, use and evaluation of databases that provide linkages between health care utilization, socioeconomic status and other determinants of health and health status.
Text
That physicians, through the Canadian Medical Association, its Divisions and affiliates, should be involved in delineating principles to guide the development, use and evaluation of databases that provide linkages between health care utilization, socioeconomic status and other determinants of health and health status.
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Training and licensing operators of powered watercraft

https://policybase.cma.ca/en/permalink/policy763
Last Reviewed
2017-03-04
Date
1997-08-20
Topics
Health care and patient safety
Resolution
GC97-62
That the Canadian Medical Association urge provincial, territorial and federal governments and their involved agencies to require training and licensing of operators of powered watercraft.
Policy Type
Policy resolution
Last Reviewed
2017-03-04
Date
1997-08-20
Topics
Health care and patient safety
Resolution
GC97-62
That the Canadian Medical Association urge provincial, territorial and federal governments and their involved agencies to require training and licensing of operators of powered watercraft.
Text
That the Canadian Medical Association urge provincial, territorial and federal governments and their involved agencies to require training and licensing of operators of powered watercraft.
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Training and licensing operators of powered snow craft

https://policybase.cma.ca/en/permalink/policy766
Last Reviewed
2017-03-04
Date
1997-08-20
Topics
Health care and patient safety
Resolution
GC97-69
That the Canadian Medical Association urge the federal provincial and territorial governments and their agencies to require education, training and licensing of operators of powered snow craft.
Policy Type
Policy resolution
Last Reviewed
2017-03-04
Date
1997-08-20
Topics
Health care and patient safety
Resolution
GC97-69
That the Canadian Medical Association urge the federal provincial and territorial governments and their agencies to require education, training and licensing of operators of powered snow craft.
Text
That the Canadian Medical Association urge the federal provincial and territorial governments and their agencies to require education, training and licensing of operators of powered snow craft.
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Access to health care services for language minorities

https://policybase.cma.ca/en/permalink/policy767
Last Reviewed
2017-03-04
Date
1997-08-20
Topics
Health care and patient safety
Resolution
GC97-70
The Canadian Medical Association, in conjunction with provincial/ territorial medical associations, encourages all levels of government to ensure that public health care facilities provide language minorities with reasonable community access to health care services in their first language.
Policy Type
Policy resolution
Last Reviewed
2017-03-04
Date
1997-08-20
Topics
Health care and patient safety
Resolution
GC97-70
The Canadian Medical Association, in conjunction with provincial/ territorial medical associations, encourages all levels of government to ensure that public health care facilities provide language minorities with reasonable community access to health care services in their first language.
Text
The Canadian Medical Association, in conjunction with provincial/ territorial medical associations, encourages all levels of government to ensure that public health care facilities provide language minorities with reasonable community access to health care services in their first language.
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Compensation for remote consultation

https://policybase.cma.ca/en/permalink/policy1505
Last Reviewed
2017-03-04
Date
2004-08-18
Topics
Health human resources
Health information and e-health
Physician practice/ compensation/ forms
Resolution
GC04-41
The Canadian Medical Association recommends that provincial and territorial authorities recognize that any type of remote consultation such as telemedicine and teleconsultation is a medical act to be duly compensated.
Policy Type
Policy resolution
Last Reviewed
2017-03-04
Date
2004-08-18
Topics
Health human resources
Health information and e-health
Physician practice/ compensation/ forms
Resolution
GC04-41
The Canadian Medical Association recommends that provincial and territorial authorities recognize that any type of remote consultation such as telemedicine and teleconsultation is a medical act to be duly compensated.
Text
The Canadian Medical Association recommends that provincial and territorial authorities recognize that any type of remote consultation such as telemedicine and teleconsultation is a medical act to be duly compensated.
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Combined fertilizer / pesticides

https://policybase.cma.ca/en/permalink/policy1514
Last Reviewed
2017-03-04
Date
2004-08-18
Topics
Health care and patient safety
Population health/ health equity/ public health
Resolution
GC04-50
The Canadian Medical Association calls on the federal government to rescind the registration of combined fertilizer/pesticides.
Policy Type
Policy resolution
Last Reviewed
2017-03-04
Date
2004-08-18
Topics
Health care and patient safety
Population health/ health equity/ public health
Resolution
GC04-50
The Canadian Medical Association calls on the federal government to rescind the registration of combined fertilizer/pesticides.
Text
The Canadian Medical Association calls on the federal government to rescind the registration of combined fertilizer/pesticides.
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7 records – page 1 of 1.