Skip header and navigation
CMA PolicyBase

Policies that advocate for the medical profession and Canadians


54 records – page 1 of 3.

Infant formula

https://policybase.cma.ca/en/permalink/policy1329
Last Reviewed
2019-03-03
Date
1981-12-05
Topics
Population health/ health equity/ public health
Resolution
BD82-03-56
That the CMA endorse a ban on the free supply of infant formula to hospitals.
Policy Type
Policy resolution
Last Reviewed
2019-03-03
Date
1981-12-05
Topics
Population health/ health equity/ public health
Resolution
BD82-03-56
That the CMA endorse a ban on the free supply of infant formula to hospitals.
Text
That the CMA endorse a ban on the free supply of infant formula to hospitals.
Less detail

Auditing Physician Billings

https://policybase.cma.ca/en/permalink/policy1878
Last Reviewed
2019-03-03
Date
2004-12-04
Topics
Physician practice/ compensation/ forms
  1 document  
Policy Type
Policy document
Last Reviewed
2019-03-03
Date
2004-12-04
Topics
Physician practice/ compensation/ forms
Text
Auditing Physician Billings Purpose: The CMA has developed a set of guiding principles to assist in the formation and modification of provincial/territorial billing audit processes. These principles will ensure that billing audit systems are fair, transparent, effective and timely, and that they uphold their original objectives of ensuring the accountability of public expenditures and educating physicians on appropriate billing practices. Background: As payments to physicians are made through public monies, the integrity of the payment system is validated through physician billing audits and reviews. Audits and reviews are usually prompted by: billings that appear to be outside of the “norm,” patient complaints, physician complaints or a “focus” on a particular service/area of practice/group of physicians. Each province/territory is responsible for and has in place particular processes and procedures to review physician billings. Billing audits can be stressful events that, regardless of the audit outcome, have had adverse effects on a physician’s health and practice. Although changes over the years in billing audit practices have occurred, they have not addressed all of the physicians’ concerns. Inadequacies in the existing procedures, such as the lack of a clear decision-making process, established review timelines and options for recourse still remain. In response to this situation, many provinces/territories are reviewing and modifying their existing billing audit process. The CMA and Canada’s physicians believe in an open, accountable and transparent health care financing system. It is for this reason that the CMA has developed this set of principles related to the key components of the audit process to ensure it is fair, efficient, effective and serves the purpose it was originally intended – to ensure the accountability of public funds and to educate physicians on proper billing practices. Principles: Education on proper billing practices: The audit and review process must be undertaken as an educational exercise. In a fee based system, billing code use and interpretation are complex and can often lead to unintentional errors. If or when inconsistencies occur, the physician must be alerted and provided with the opportunity to explain his/her billing behaviour. To assist in moving the audit and review process from under a cloud of perceived punishment to that of educational enlightenment, the repayment of any funds shall not commence until the audit and review process is complete and all appeal options have been exercised. As part of this overall educational framework, it is recommended that all newly licensed physicians be offered an educational program on proper billing interpretations, procedures and practices, and of the audit process itself. Fair, Transparent and Timely Process: In order for the audit and review process to be perceived as fair, it must operate at arms length from governments and the Colleges. As a profession, physicians have been granted the privilege of self-regulation by society. Given that medicine is a highly complex art and science, physicians are the only group truly qualified to set and maintain standards and to uphold accountability in matters of professional behaviour. The billing audit and review process must observe the principles of “Natural Justice” in that the: audit findings must be both impartial and be seen to be impartial and physicians affected by the findings must be offered a fair hearing by being given notice in writing of the findings; the opportunity to respond to the findings; all of the information to prepare a response; sufficient time to prepare a response; and an oral hearing if there is a dispute on factual matters or if requested by the physician. Physicians should be informed that legal counsel and assistance can be retained at any stage of the audit and review process. Physicians should consult with their respective provincial/territorial division or the Canadian Medical Protective Association (CMPA) to see whether such assistance is available, or with lawyers who specialize in this field. Specific time limits should be adhered to in the auditing and reviewing of a physician’s billings practice, particularly related to when the review period should commence and to the duration of the review period. For example, billings should not be reviewable more than 24 months after the service is rendered and the review period should not be greater than 12 months. These limitation periods recognize that physicians will not be able to recall, with certainty, the vast amount of information contained in a patient’s medical record over the past 10 years – the average length of time in which medical records must be held. It also ensures that audits and reviews are conducted in a timely fashion minimizing undue stress and hardship on the physician and, in light of the health human resources shortage, enabling them to re-focus their attention and energy on taking care of their patients. Informed Decision-Makers: Audits and reviews to determine whether there has been any incorrect or inaccurate billing should be undertaken solely by a physician’s peers, and where possible, consisting of physicians from the same specialty and subspecialty and with similar practice type, geography and demography. This peer review group shall consider age-gender distribution and the morbidity of the patients as well as other pertinent matters in arriving at its findings and conclusions. Outcomes: Any conclusions and/or findings from an audit and review must be prepared in a written report and forwarded, in a timely manner, to the physician and the paying agency. If either party is not satisfied with the findings, they have the option of launching an appeal. The preferred route would be to pursue and use Alternative Dispute Resolution processes since they tend to encourage a more co-operative climate resulting in fair and appropriate settlements, while avoiding the excessive financial, psychological and procedural costs that can be associated with formal court proceedings. Conclusion: These guiding principles are the product of an international, provincial and territorial scan of billing audit practices. They have undergone extensive consultation with the provincial/territorial medical associations and national medical organizations. They should be used to form the foundation of and to guide any reviews or modifications to existing provincial/territorial audit and review processes. CMA Policy, Medical Professionalism, 2002. Student Behaviour Guide_Natural.Justice.htm, Dec. 2002
Documents
Less detail

Physical activity

https://policybase.cma.ca/en/permalink/policy1881
Last Reviewed
2019-03-03
Date
2004-12-04
Topics
Health human resources
Physician practice/ compensation/ forms
Resolution
BD05-03-55
The Canadian Medical Association urges federal/provincial/territorial governments to explore tax incentives as a possible component of a broad comprehensive strategy to increase physical activity.
Policy Type
Policy resolution
Last Reviewed
2019-03-03
Date
2004-12-04
Topics
Health human resources
Physician practice/ compensation/ forms
Resolution
BD05-03-55
The Canadian Medical Association urges federal/provincial/territorial governments to explore tax incentives as a possible component of a broad comprehensive strategy to increase physical activity.
Text
The Canadian Medical Association urges federal/provincial/territorial governments to explore tax incentives as a possible component of a broad comprehensive strategy to increase physical activity.
Less detail

Obesity and cardiovascular disease (Update 2004): (Applicable to Canadians aged 20-60 years)

https://policybase.cma.ca/en/permalink/policy1246
Last Reviewed
2018-03-03
Date
2004-05-31
Topics
Health care and patient safety
  1 document  
Policy Type
Policy document
Last Reviewed
2018-03-03
Date
2004-05-31
Replaces
Obesity and cardiovascular disease (2003): (Applicable to Canadians aged 20-60 years)
Topics
Health care and patient safety
Text
Obesity and Cardiovascular Disease (Update 2004) (Applicable to Canadians aged 20-60 years) Official Position: Obesity is a chronic condition that is multi-factorial in origin, complex to treat, and is a major contributor to heart disease, type II diabetes, hypertension, stroke and some cancers. Due to the magnitude of the impact that obesity has on heart disease and stroke, and to the clustering of risk factors for cardiovascular disease that are often found in the obese patient, obesity is recognized as a major risk factor for cardiovascular disease. The impact of obesity points to the importance of prevention through healthy behaviours including increased physical activity and a healthy nutritional diet beginning early in life, and continuing through all stages of life. Solutions require comprehensive approaches that are both education and environment based, and that target and assist individuals, the family, and communities to engage in healthy lifestyle patterns and behaviours. Solutions also require ongoing research to develop and evaluate comprehensive approaches to obesity prevention, management and treatment, and surveillance data that measures and tracks obesity and its impact in Canada. Obesity Defined The World Health Organization defines obesity as a condition of excessive body fat accumulation to an extent that health may be compromised. Measuring Obesity Body Mass Index (BMI) is a widely accepted parameter used to distinguish between obese and non-obese adults aged 20 to 60 years and thus provides information about the subsequent risk of cardiovascular disease. BMI is calculated by dividing the weight (in kilograms) by the square of the height (in metres). BMI = weight (in kilograms) height (in metres) * height (in metres) A BMI equal to or greater than 30 kg/m2 is classified as obese, while a BMI in the range of 25 to 29.9 kg/m2 is classified as overweight. Waist circumference (WC) provides an independent prediction of health risks over and above BMI. Increased waist (abdominal) circumference is associated with increased risk of cardiovascular disease, dyslipidemia, type II diabetes and hypertension. As waist circumference increases above 102 cm for men and 88 cm for women, the risks of health-related illnesses increase. Populations at Increased Risk Obese individuals with diabetes, hypertension, or dyslipidemias or who are physically inactive are at increased risk of cardiovascular disease, compared to individuals without these conditions. A BMI between 25 and 29.9 kg/m2 (overweight) is associated with elevated risk of cardiovascular disease, type 2 diabetes, hypertension and dyslipidemia. Weight gain during young adult life may be one of the most important determinants of future development of cardiovascular risk factors and cardiovascular disease. Adults who gain weight have increased risk of coronary heart disease compared to those with stable weight. Weight gain during adult life may contribute to future development of ischemic heart disease regardless of initial body weight (obese or non-obese). Canadians of Aboriginal, Chinese, and South Asian (from India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, and Sri Lanka) descent have higher rates of obesity-related chronic diseases (for example diabetes, hypertension and cardiovascular disease). Individuals with lower socio-economic status have higher rates of obesity than those with higher socio-economic status. Promotion of Healthy Weights In April 2002, the Public Health Approaches to the Prevention of Obesity (PHAPO) Working Group of the International Obesity Task Force (IOTF) identified that a comprehensive approach to obesity prevention should: Address both dietary habits and physical activity patterns of the population Address both societal and individual level factors Address both immediate and distant causes Have multiple focal points and levels of intervention (i.e. at national, regional, community and individual levels); Include both policies and programs; and Build links between sectors that may otherwise be viewed as independent. Required Research Research is needed to: Develop a standard definition and a standard measurement technique for determining obesity in children. Develop obesity measures for older, ethnic and gender specific populations. Identify and develop effective primary prevention methods for individuals, families and communities to reduce the prevalence of obesity in all stages of life. Improve awareness and knowledge about the health effects of obesity and healthy living. Develop effective primary prevention measures and strategies that are therapeutic, secondary and tertiary in nature. Identify and track rates of obesity and overweight in Canada. Assess the effectiveness of obesity prevention and treatment initiatives. Identify and implement the most effective primary prevention strategies for ethnic populations. Develop and implement effective healthy public policy for the prevention, treatment, and management of obesity. Further, the surveillance of obese and overweight Canadians is necessary in order to assess the effectiveness of prevention and treatment initiatives. It is only through the combined action and resources of governments, non-governmental organizations, non-profit and private sectors to develop and implement a comprehensive approach to curb the growing trend of obesity in Canada.
Documents
Less detail

University incentive programs for Aboriginal students

https://policybase.cma.ca/en/permalink/policy524
Last Reviewed
2017-03-04
Date
1993-10-16
Topics
Population health/ health equity/ public health
Resolution
BD94-03-30
That the Canadian Medical Association commend the ongoing efforts of those Canadian universities who provide support or incentive programs for aboriginal students to help increase the number of aboriginal physicians in Canada and recommend that other universities consider adopting programs of similar intent.
Policy Type
Policy resolution
Last Reviewed
2017-03-04
Date
1993-10-16
Topics
Population health/ health equity/ public health
Resolution
BD94-03-30
That the Canadian Medical Association commend the ongoing efforts of those Canadian universities who provide support or incentive programs for aboriginal students to help increase the number of aboriginal physicians in Canada and recommend that other universities consider adopting programs of similar intent.
Text
That the Canadian Medical Association commend the ongoing efforts of those Canadian universities who provide support or incentive programs for aboriginal students to help increase the number of aboriginal physicians in Canada and recommend that other universities consider adopting programs of similar intent.
Less detail

Hospital privileges for family physicians

https://policybase.cma.ca/en/permalink/policy535
Last Reviewed
2017-03-04
Date
1981-03-14
Topics
Population health/ health equity/ public health
Resolution
BD81-03-74
That the Canadian Medical Association recommends that hospital privileges for family physicians should be dependent on licensure by the provincial medical licensing bodies and should not be restricted to those physicians holding certification from the College of Family Physicians of Canada.
Policy Type
Policy resolution
Last Reviewed
2017-03-04
Date
1981-03-14
Topics
Population health/ health equity/ public health
Resolution
BD81-03-74
That the Canadian Medical Association recommends that hospital privileges for family physicians should be dependent on licensure by the provincial medical licensing bodies and should not be restricted to those physicians holding certification from the College of Family Physicians of Canada.
Text
That the Canadian Medical Association recommends that hospital privileges for family physicians should be dependent on licensure by the provincial medical licensing bodies and should not be restricted to those physicians holding certification from the College of Family Physicians of Canada.
Less detail

National consensus on future financing of the Canadian health care system

https://policybase.cma.ca/en/permalink/policy624
Last Reviewed
2017-03-04
Date
1993-08-25
Topics
Health systems, system funding and performance
Resolution
GC93-24
That the Canadian Medical Association take a strong leadership role in the development of a national consensus on future financing of the Canadian health care system.
Policy Type
Policy resolution
Last Reviewed
2017-03-04
Date
1993-08-25
Topics
Health systems, system funding and performance
Resolution
GC93-24
That the Canadian Medical Association take a strong leadership role in the development of a national consensus on future financing of the Canadian health care system.
Text
That the Canadian Medical Association take a strong leadership role in the development of a national consensus on future financing of the Canadian health care system.
Less detail

Principles for consensus on health system financing

https://policybase.cma.ca/en/permalink/policy626
Last Reviewed
2017-03-04
Date
1993-08-25
Topics
Health systems, system funding and performance
Resolution
GC93-26
That the Canadian Medical Association endorse the following primary principles as the basis for developing a new consensus on health system financing: a) Accessibility: Reasonable access to high quality, core health facilities and medical services independent of financial or other barriers, b) Choice: Wherever practicable, Canadian consumers and health care providers should have reasonable choice as to health care setting, mode of delivery (type and location of practice) and method of health care financing, c) Sustainability: The system organization and method of financing the system needs to ensure that core health insurance benefits are commensurate with collective or individual ability to pay through insurance or otherwise, d) Uniformity of core health insurance benefits: The requirement that all bona fide residents of Canada be entitled to reasonably comparable levels of core health insurance benefits, e) Universal coverage: The requirement that all bona fide residents of Canada be entitled to publicly financed core health insurance benefits according to uniform terms and conditions, where core benefits are defined in terms of the most recent evidence available on clinical efficacy and cost effectiveness.
Policy Type
Policy resolution
Last Reviewed
2017-03-04
Date
1993-08-25
Topics
Health systems, system funding and performance
Resolution
GC93-26
That the Canadian Medical Association endorse the following primary principles as the basis for developing a new consensus on health system financing: a) Accessibility: Reasonable access to high quality, core health facilities and medical services independent of financial or other barriers, b) Choice: Wherever practicable, Canadian consumers and health care providers should have reasonable choice as to health care setting, mode of delivery (type and location of practice) and method of health care financing, c) Sustainability: The system organization and method of financing the system needs to ensure that core health insurance benefits are commensurate with collective or individual ability to pay through insurance or otherwise, d) Uniformity of core health insurance benefits: The requirement that all bona fide residents of Canada be entitled to reasonably comparable levels of core health insurance benefits, e) Universal coverage: The requirement that all bona fide residents of Canada be entitled to publicly financed core health insurance benefits according to uniform terms and conditions, where core benefits are defined in terms of the most recent evidence available on clinical efficacy and cost effectiveness.
Text
That the Canadian Medical Association endorse the following primary principles as the basis for developing a new consensus on health system financing: a) Accessibility: Reasonable access to high quality, core health facilities and medical services independent of financial or other barriers, b) Choice: Wherever practicable, Canadian consumers and health care providers should have reasonable choice as to health care setting, mode of delivery (type and location of practice) and method of health care financing, c) Sustainability: The system organization and method of financing the system needs to ensure that core health insurance benefits are commensurate with collective or individual ability to pay through insurance or otherwise, d) Uniformity of core health insurance benefits: The requirement that all bona fide residents of Canada be entitled to reasonably comparable levels of core health insurance benefits, e) Universal coverage: The requirement that all bona fide residents of Canada be entitled to publicly financed core health insurance benefits according to uniform terms and conditions, where core benefits are defined in terms of the most recent evidence available on clinical efficacy and cost effectiveness.
Less detail

Physician practice profiles

https://policybase.cma.ca/en/permalink/policy636
Last Reviewed
2017-03-04
Date
1993-05-08
Topics
Population health/ health equity/ public health
Resolution
BD93-08-287
That physicians be entitled to review at any time data on their practice profile with appropriate statistical analysis.
Policy Type
Policy resolution
Last Reviewed
2017-03-04
Date
1993-05-08
Topics
Population health/ health equity/ public health
Resolution
BD93-08-287
That physicians be entitled to review at any time data on their practice profile with appropriate statistical analysis.
Text
That physicians be entitled to review at any time data on their practice profile with appropriate statistical analysis.
Less detail

Health economics information

https://policybase.cma.ca/en/permalink/policy637
Last Reviewed
2017-03-04
Date
1993-05-08
Topics
Population health/ health equity/ public health
Resolution
BD93-08-288
That the Canadian Medical Association, in collaboration with its divisions, seek to establish close liaison with governments to share information in the area of health economics.
Policy Type
Policy resolution
Last Reviewed
2017-03-04
Date
1993-05-08
Topics
Population health/ health equity/ public health
Resolution
BD93-08-288
That the Canadian Medical Association, in collaboration with its divisions, seek to establish close liaison with governments to share information in the area of health economics.
Text
That the Canadian Medical Association, in collaboration with its divisions, seek to establish close liaison with governments to share information in the area of health economics.
Less detail

Patent medicines reporting system

https://policybase.cma.ca/en/permalink/policy638
Last Reviewed
2017-03-04
Date
1993-05-08
Topics
Population health/ health equity/ public health
Resolution
BD93-08-305
That the Canadian Medical Association endorse efforts by the Patent Medicines Prices Review Board (PMPRB) to implement a more detailed reporting system of research and development spending.
Policy Type
Policy resolution
Last Reviewed
2017-03-04
Date
1993-05-08
Topics
Population health/ health equity/ public health
Resolution
BD93-08-305
That the Canadian Medical Association endorse efforts by the Patent Medicines Prices Review Board (PMPRB) to implement a more detailed reporting system of research and development spending.
Text
That the Canadian Medical Association endorse efforts by the Patent Medicines Prices Review Board (PMPRB) to implement a more detailed reporting system of research and development spending.
Less detail

Drug price controls

https://policybase.cma.ca/en/permalink/policy639
Last Reviewed
2017-03-04
Date
1993-05-08
Topics
Population health/ health equity/ public health
Resolution
BD93-08-306
That the Canadian Medical Association endorse efforts by the PMPRB to adopt more stringent price controls on drugs judged to be of "minimal or no therapeutic" benefit.
Policy Type
Policy resolution
Last Reviewed
2017-03-04
Date
1993-05-08
Topics
Population health/ health equity/ public health
Resolution
BD93-08-306
That the Canadian Medical Association endorse efforts by the PMPRB to adopt more stringent price controls on drugs judged to be of "minimal or no therapeutic" benefit.
Text
That the Canadian Medical Association endorse efforts by the PMPRB to adopt more stringent price controls on drugs judged to be of "minimal or no therapeutic" benefit.
Less detail

Medical direction and administrative responsibility

https://policybase.cma.ca/en/permalink/policy703
Last Reviewed
2017-03-04
Date
1981-08-28
Topics
Health systems, system funding and performance
Health human resources
Resolution
GC81-17
That the following be adopted as Canadian Medical Association policy: Medical direction and administrative responsibility: a) service departments which carry out prescribed medical diagnostic tests and/or therapy in hospitals or clinics must have a medical director who is accountable to the hospital board through the hospital administrator and professionally accountable through the normal channels to the organized medical staff. Such medical service departments include medical laboratory services, radiological services, respiratory technology, physiotherapy and nuclear medicine services. The appointment of a medical director for each such service department is essential in order to ensure the best possible service to the patient and to the hospital and to coordinate the related medical programs for the patient, b) the size and complexity of some service departments which carry out medical diagnostic tests and/or therapy may require the appointment of administrative assistants to the medical director, and these may be trained in the disciplines of physiotherapy, radiography, medical laboratory technology, respiratory technology, nuclear medicine technology, etc. They should be responsible to the medical director of the hospital services department and should not be head of the department reporting directly to the hospital administrator. In the small centres where there is not a full-time medical specialist on the medical staff the medical director of the service department should be a qualified physician. Such a non- specialized medical director should establish regular communication with a specialist in the field who may be consulted on general and specific questions, c) it is also recognized that some allied health personnel working in service departments have advanced technical and/or treatment skills. These should be recognized and profitably utilized always under the supervision and accountability of the medical director of the specific service.
Policy Type
Policy resolution
Last Reviewed
2017-03-04
Date
1981-08-28
Topics
Health systems, system funding and performance
Health human resources
Resolution
GC81-17
That the following be adopted as Canadian Medical Association policy: Medical direction and administrative responsibility: a) service departments which carry out prescribed medical diagnostic tests and/or therapy in hospitals or clinics must have a medical director who is accountable to the hospital board through the hospital administrator and professionally accountable through the normal channels to the organized medical staff. Such medical service departments include medical laboratory services, radiological services, respiratory technology, physiotherapy and nuclear medicine services. The appointment of a medical director for each such service department is essential in order to ensure the best possible service to the patient and to the hospital and to coordinate the related medical programs for the patient, b) the size and complexity of some service departments which carry out medical diagnostic tests and/or therapy may require the appointment of administrative assistants to the medical director, and these may be trained in the disciplines of physiotherapy, radiography, medical laboratory technology, respiratory technology, nuclear medicine technology, etc. They should be responsible to the medical director of the hospital services department and should not be head of the department reporting directly to the hospital administrator. In the small centres where there is not a full-time medical specialist on the medical staff the medical director of the service department should be a qualified physician. Such a non- specialized medical director should establish regular communication with a specialist in the field who may be consulted on general and specific questions, c) it is also recognized that some allied health personnel working in service departments have advanced technical and/or treatment skills. These should be recognized and profitably utilized always under the supervision and accountability of the medical director of the specific service.
Text
That the following be adopted as Canadian Medical Association policy: Medical direction and administrative responsibility: a) service departments which carry out prescribed medical diagnostic tests and/or therapy in hospitals or clinics must have a medical director who is accountable to the hospital board through the hospital administrator and professionally accountable through the normal channels to the organized medical staff. Such medical service departments include medical laboratory services, radiological services, respiratory technology, physiotherapy and nuclear medicine services. The appointment of a medical director for each such service department is essential in order to ensure the best possible service to the patient and to the hospital and to coordinate the related medical programs for the patient, b) the size and complexity of some service departments which carry out medical diagnostic tests and/or therapy may require the appointment of administrative assistants to the medical director, and these may be trained in the disciplines of physiotherapy, radiography, medical laboratory technology, respiratory technology, nuclear medicine technology, etc. They should be responsible to the medical director of the hospital services department and should not be head of the department reporting directly to the hospital administrator. In the small centres where there is not a full-time medical specialist on the medical staff the medical director of the service department should be a qualified physician. Such a non- specialized medical director should establish regular communication with a specialist in the field who may be consulted on general and specific questions, c) it is also recognized that some allied health personnel working in service departments have advanced technical and/or treatment skills. These should be recognized and profitably utilized always under the supervision and accountability of the medical director of the specific service.
Less detail

Physician availability and practice information

https://policybase.cma.ca/en/permalink/policy704
Last Reviewed
2017-03-04
Date
1981-08-28
Topics
Health human resources
Resolution
GC81-47
That the Canadian Medical Association recommend to the divisions that they study methods for making available to the public, information concerning physician availability and nature of practice.
Policy Type
Policy resolution
Last Reviewed
2017-03-04
Date
1981-08-28
Topics
Health human resources
Resolution
GC81-47
That the Canadian Medical Association recommend to the divisions that they study methods for making available to the public, information concerning physician availability and nature of practice.
Text
That the Canadian Medical Association recommend to the divisions that they study methods for making available to the public, information concerning physician availability and nature of practice.
Less detail

Prescription drug price and cost controls

https://policybase.cma.ca/en/permalink/policy718
Last Reviewed
2017-03-04
Date
1993-03-01
Topics
Population health/ health equity/ public health
Resolution
BD93-07-167
That the Canadian Medical Association continue to encourage governments to develop a national service or "agency" to enhance price and cost controls over both patented and non patented prescription drugs.
Policy Type
Policy resolution
Last Reviewed
2017-03-04
Date
1993-03-01
Topics
Population health/ health equity/ public health
Resolution
BD93-07-167
That the Canadian Medical Association continue to encourage governments to develop a national service or "agency" to enhance price and cost controls over both patented and non patented prescription drugs.
Text
That the Canadian Medical Association continue to encourage governments to develop a national service or "agency" to enhance price and cost controls over both patented and non patented prescription drugs.
Less detail

Graduated driver licensing programmes

https://policybase.cma.ca/en/permalink/policy741
Last Reviewed
2017-03-04
Date
1993-08-25
Topics
Population health/ health equity/ public health
Resolution
GC93-19
That the Canadian Medical Association endorse the concept of a graduated licensing program for new drivers of motor vehicles in Canada.
Policy Type
Policy resolution
Last Reviewed
2017-03-04
Date
1993-08-25
Topics
Population health/ health equity/ public health
Resolution
GC93-19
That the Canadian Medical Association endorse the concept of a graduated licensing program for new drivers of motor vehicles in Canada.
Text
That the Canadian Medical Association endorse the concept of a graduated licensing program for new drivers of motor vehicles in Canada.
Less detail

Reducing the Risk of Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS)

https://policybase.cma.ca/en/permalink/policy750
Last Reviewed
2017-03-04
Date
1993-10-16
Topics
Population health/ health equity/ public health
Resolution
BD94-03-40
The Canadian Medical Association recommends that, to reduce the risk of Sudden Infant Death Syndrome in Canada, physicians be encouraged to advise parents to put infants on their backs to sleep.
Policy Type
Policy resolution
Last Reviewed
2017-03-04
Date
1993-10-16
Topics
Population health/ health equity/ public health
Resolution
BD94-03-40
The Canadian Medical Association recommends that, to reduce the risk of Sudden Infant Death Syndrome in Canada, physicians be encouraged to advise parents to put infants on their backs to sleep.
Text
The Canadian Medical Association recommends that, to reduce the risk of Sudden Infant Death Syndrome in Canada, physicians be encouraged to advise parents to put infants on their backs to sleep.
Less detail

Smoking and Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS)

https://policybase.cma.ca/en/permalink/policy751
Last Reviewed
2017-03-04
Date
1993-10-16
Topics
Population health/ health equity/ public health
Resolution
BD94-03-41
That the Canadian Medical Association urge the federal government to warn the public about the relationship between smoking and SIDS.
Policy Type
Policy resolution
Last Reviewed
2017-03-04
Date
1993-10-16
Topics
Population health/ health equity/ public health
Resolution
BD94-03-41
That the Canadian Medical Association urge the federal government to warn the public about the relationship between smoking and SIDS.
Text
That the Canadian Medical Association urge the federal government to warn the public about the relationship between smoking and SIDS.
Less detail
Last Reviewed
2017-03-04
Date
1981-08-28
Topics
Population health/ health equity/ public health
Resolution
GC81-39
That the Canadian Medical Association strongly support the value of breast feeding, and that suggestions be made to the manufacturers of infant formulas that their advertising should reflect the supplemental nature of their product rather than a replacement for mother's milk.
Policy Type
Policy resolution
Last Reviewed
2017-03-04
Date
1981-08-28
Topics
Population health/ health equity/ public health
Resolution
GC81-39
That the Canadian Medical Association strongly support the value of breast feeding, and that suggestions be made to the manufacturers of infant formulas that their advertising should reflect the supplemental nature of their product rather than a replacement for mother's milk.
Text
That the Canadian Medical Association strongly support the value of breast feeding, and that suggestions be made to the manufacturers of infant formulas that their advertising should reflect the supplemental nature of their product rather than a replacement for mother's milk.
Less detail

Infant formula

https://policybase.cma.ca/en/permalink/policy798
Last Reviewed
2017-03-04
Date
1981-08-28
Topics
Population health/ health equity/ public health
Resolution
GC81-40
That the Canadian Medical Association endorse a ban on the free supply of infant formula to hospitals.
Policy Type
Policy resolution
Last Reviewed
2017-03-04
Date
1981-08-28
Topics
Population health/ health equity/ public health
Resolution
GC81-40
That the Canadian Medical Association endorse a ban on the free supply of infant formula to hospitals.
Text
That the Canadian Medical Association endorse a ban on the free supply of infant formula to hospitals.
Less detail

54 records – page 1 of 3.